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Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy improves tendon-to-bone healing in a rat rotator cuff repair model


Rotator cuff tears are common musculoskeletal injuries often requiring surgical intervention with high failure rates. Currently, pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) are used for treatment of long-bone fracture and lumbar and cervical spine fusion surgery. No studies have investigated PEMF in healing soft tissue. Therefore, we investigated the effect of PEMF on rotator cuff healing using a rat rotator cuff repair model. We hypothesized that PEMF exposure following rotator cuff repair would improve tendon mechanical properties, tissue morphology, and alter in vivo joint function. 70 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to three groups: bilateral repair with PEMF (n=30), bilateral repair followed by cage activity (n=30), uninjured control with cage activity (n=10). Rats in the surgical groups were sacrificed at 4, 8, and 16 weeks. Control group was sacrificed at 8 weeks. Passive joint mechanics and gait analysis were assessed over time. Biomechanical analysis and µCT was performed on left shoulders; histological analysis on right shoulders. Results indicate no differences in passive joint mechanics and ambulation. At 4 weeks the PEMF group had decreased cross-sectional area and increased modulus and maximum stress. At 8 weeks the PEMF group had increased modulus and more rounded cells in the midsubstance. At 16 weeks the PEMF group had improved bone quality. Therefore, results indicate that PEMF improves early tendon healing and does not alter joint function in a rat rotator cuff repair model.

Statement of Clinical Significance

PEMF exposure following rotator cuff repair improves early tendon healing.

Keywords: PEMF, supraspinatus repair, animal model
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